Sleep is a vital action for the growth and development of the human body. When it comes to children, sleep is very much essential for their overall growth. Sleep prepares the body to generate immunity against many diseases. It also makes the child physically and mentally strong. Therefore, cultivating good sleeping habits is critical for the overall health of your child. The amount of sleep a child need varies according to their age and from child to child.
Below are the broad guidelines that will educate you on the sleeping requirements of children based on their age.
Newborn babies require adequate sleep to grow and develop. Though they can have variable sleep patterns, generally newborns can sleep about 14-17 hours in a day.
They usually sleep in bursts of 2-3 hours and then tend to wake up for feeding. Sometimes they can sleep for up to 4 hours at a stretch. They might go straight back to sleep after feeding or they might stay awake long enough for a short play. Newborns sleep through the day and night, and sometimes they are more awake at night than daytime. The centers of the brain that control day-night sleep cycles haven’t matured yet.
When your child is less than one year of age
When the infant is about 4 months old, his/her confusion about day and night gradually decreases. This is when you can note the beginning of normal sleep cycles. Most babies have a routine sleep and wake cycle by the time they are 6 months old. A human baby needs at least 15 hours of sleep a day at this age. The purpose here is the development of healthy sleeping habits.
When your child is less than 1-3 years old
Infants generally reduce their daytime naps after they turn one year old. However, 11-14 hours of good sleep is what children of one year old require. It is perfectly fine if your child takes a 1-3 hour afternoon nap. Make sure to put them to bed early so that they can get a full night's sleep.
When your child is 3-6 years old
When the kid grows older, naps eventually get shorter. Children going to kindergarten and are mainly pre-schoolers require 10-13 hours of sleep a day. Parents should teach their children to fall asleep by themselves at this age and should not depend on an adult anymore to put them to sleep. When they wake up in the middle of the night, they can still learn to fall back asleep on their own.
When your child is 7-12 years old
A pre-teen wants 10-11 hours of sleep a day, but only 9 hours is the average sleep they get. At this age, the challenge is not to allow bedtime to arrive very late. Children have a set time to get up until they start going to school. A late bedtime would, however, give them insufficient sleep.
When your child is 12-18 years old
Children of this age are mainly teenagers. They in general require 8-9 hours of sleep in a day. Parents should make sure that their children should not sleep less than 7 hours of sleep. Late-night watching television or playing games should be restricted. Even, before bed, stop making them have caffeinated beverages. A variety of health risks, as well as behavioral conditions such as ADHD and cognitive issues, may result in insufficient or insufficient sleep. It is also necessary for your child not only to follow a normal sleep schedule but to have restful sleep as well.